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The 18th Century Firings of Magr Bhardars

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The 18th Century Firings Of Magr Bhardars : Game Changers In The Gorkha Kingdom And Later Nepal Also

 

[With those two firings of Kaji Ram Krishna Thapa Magar and Kaji Jayant Rana Magar, by King Narbhupal Shah and King Prithvi Narayan Shah respectively, opened up an avenue in Nepal for Brahman and Chhetri prominence in the governance.]

 

By B. K. Rana Magar

Many alien and native Nepali historians have written Kaji Biraj Thapa Magar had fought Nuwakot Battle in Asoj 1801 Bikram Sambat for King Prithvi Narayan Shah. It is because Nepalese historians sometime feed wrong information. There are some fundamental flaws: chronology and actual persons.

 

What a wrong history ! There was no Biraj Thapa Magar during Prithvi Narayan Shah's rule in the Gorkha Kingdom. But there was a certain 'Biraj Bakheti' in his time as stated in the ‘Divyopadesh’  also but he was by no means any Kaji Biraj Thapa Magar definitively.

 

Kaji Biraj Thapa Magar was one of the two Kajis appointed  by King Prithvi Narayan Shah's great grandfather King Prithvi Pati Shah (Gorkhavanshavali 2009 BS: 72). Four years after King Narbhupal Shah's accession to the throne of Gorkha in 1717 Kaji Biraj Thapa Magar died in 1721 which was 2 years before the birth of Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1723. The other Kaji was Shrijayant Shah.

 

After the death of Kaji Biraj Thapa Magar, his son Ram Krishna Thapa Magar was appointed Kaji in the Gorkha Kingdom and the new Kaji had also led a battle against Nuwakot which turned into an unsuccessful attempt. Bhanu Aryal, Maheswhor Pant and few others, who were actually vying for the Kaji post, secretly and craftily reported the King that the battle was lost because Magar Bhardars (nobles, military leaders) had not properly led the campaign. The unhappy King Narabhupal Shah later fired Ram Krishna Thapa Magar, whose father (Kaji Biraj Thapa Magar) had actually played a crucial role in securing him the throne of Gorkha Kingdom. The king appointed Maheshowr Pant in the vacant position. King Narabhupal Shah died of mental disorder in 1743. King Prithvi Narayan Shah had also fired Kaji Jayant Rana Magar citing his failure of leadership in another battle against Nuwakot.

 

With those two firings of Kaji Ram Krishna Thapa Magar and Kaji Jayant Rana Magar, by King Narbhupal Shah and King Prithvi Narayan Shah respectively, opened up an avenue in Nepal for Brahman and Chhetri prominence in the governance.

 

* Note: 'Kaji' used to be a government position equivalent to today's Minister or any Secretary under the US President or British Prime Minister and other ministers.

 

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